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An Introduction to Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Built in the 1930s, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport is one of the three national international aviation hubs, one of the Belt and Road Initiative, the Air Silk Road important international hub, and holds a core position at Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area aviation hubs. Since it was relocated to the current site in 2004, Baiyun Airport has realized rapid development of various businesses, continuous improvement of hardware facilities and constantly progress in the construction of international aviation hub. In 2019, the annual passenger throughput of Baiyun Airport exceeded 73 million person-times and nearly 500000 flights took off and landed. Departing from Baiyun Airport, the air route network covers more than 230 destinations around the world, and nearly 80 airlines operate here. Guangzhou forms a "4-hour air traffic circle" with major cities in China and Southeast Asia, and a "12-hour air traffic circle" with major international destinations.
In 2020, under the special circumstance of COVID-19 epidemic, Baiyun Airport completed 373,000 flights and safely transported 43,768,000 passengers a year, thus became the fastest recovery and largest passenger traffic airport in the world. In the 2020 Global Airport Passenger Satisfaction Assessment of the Airports Council International (ACI) World, Baiyun Airport stood out from 348 participating airports in the world, ranking first, and achieved an extraordinary achievement of "Quality" and "Quantity" in the world. Baiyun Airport has achieved remarkable results by taking solid measures to prevent and control COVID-19 situation, improve production and quality and boost local economic recovery and development. Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Company Limited has been awarded two highest honorary titles-"Advanced Community-level Party Organization" and "National Advanced Group Against the COVID-19" by the The CPC Central Committee, the State Council and the Central Military Commission.
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport is located in the north of Guangzhou, at the junction of Renhe Town, Baiyun District and Xinhua Town, Huadu District, covering an area of about 18 square kilometers. The airport is about 28 kilometers away from the center of Guangzhou.
There are two terminals and three runways in Baiyun Airport with 4F standard flight area level, which can meet the takeoff, landing and parking needs of A380 and other large passenger aircraft. There are 269 standard stands (including FBO). The Terminal 1 covers an area of more than 500,000 square meters. The Terminal 2 and comprehensive transportation center covers an area of more than 800,000 square meters. At present, the designed capacity of T1 and T2 can meet the annual passenger throughput of 80 million person times.The construction area of the comprehensive transportation center covers more than 200,000 square meters, which connects the Airport North station of Guangzhou Metro Line 3, the urban area and the passenger loading area of coaches and taxis, as well as the T2 station of the north extension section of Guangzhou-Dongguan-Shenzhen urban rail transit, realizing the seamless connection of civil aviation, urban rail transit, subway and expressway, providing more convenience for passengers to transfer to various means of transportation. In September 2020, the third phase expansion project of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was officially started.
At present, Baiyun Airport is the base airport of China Southern Airlines, Hainan Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, 9 Air Airlines, China Central Longhao Airlines and Zhejiang Loong Airlines. It has established business relations with nearly 80 airlines internationally and domestically with routes reaching more than 230 destinations, including more than 90 international and regional destinations. The airline network of Baiyun Airport covers five continents across the world. From May 1, 2019, the 144 hour transit visa free policy was officially implemented.
In 2004, the year of airport relocation, the passenger throughput of Baiyun Airport exceeded 20 million person-times in the year of transfer. Since then, it has increased rapidly with a net increase of 10 million person-times every three years. It exceeded 30 million person-times in 2007, 40 million person-times in 2010 and 50 million person times in 2013. In 2017, it exceeded 65 million person times. In 2019, the number of passengers exceeded 70 million again, and the annual passenger throughput exceeded 73 million. In 2020, 43.768 million passengers were transported, making Baiyun Airport the fastest recovery and the largest passenger flow after the epidemic in the world.
Baiyun Airport Phase III Expansion Project is a major project for Guangdong Airport Authority to implement the Outline Development Plan for Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and the "1 + 1 + 9" work deployment proposed by People’s Government of Guangdong Province, facilitating the construction of the regional development pattern of "One core, One belt and One area" in Guangdong. On September 27, 2020, Baiyun Airport Phase III Expansion Project was officially started, mainly including airport construction, air traffic control and oil supply project. It will build a new T3 terminal covering 422,000 square meters and the extension of T2 terminal covering 144,000 square meters, as well as the East Fourth and West Fourth corridors, West Second and East Third runways, and a comprehensive transportation center and parking building covering 242,000 square meters.
In addition, Baiyun Airport Phase III Expansion Project will also build a new tarmac with more than 190 aircraft stands, as well as cargo, production and living auxiliary rooms and public supporting facilities. According to the newly revised overall plan, Baiyun Airport is planning the construction along with 775,000 aircraft inbound and outbound, 120 million passengers and 3.8 million tons of cargo and mail throughput in 2030. By 2045, there will be 87,000 aircraft inbound and outbound, 140 million passengers and 6 million tons of cargo and mail throughput in Baiyun Airport.
Guangzhou, where Baiyun Airport is located, is the largest port of entry and departure as well as an important transportation hub of South China. With its unique geographical location and well-organized structured sea-land-air transportation system, Baiyun Airport enjoys exceptional advantages of natural network covering Southeast Asia, connecting Europe, America and Australia, and radiating major cities in the Mainland. As the core hub airport of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Baiyun Airport plays a prominent role as the development "engine". In addition to directly driving the development of airport economic industry, it also plays a significant role in social commerce, tourism, hotels, culture and education industries. In the future, Baiyun Airport will build a comprehensive transportation center and transfer hub integrating multiple modes of transportation including air transportation, high-speed railway, subway, intercity rail and expressway, so as to realize the effective linkage between cities among the Pan-Pearl River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. Along with Guangzhou Port and Nansha Free Trade Area, Baiyun Airport will play a more important role in the Belt and Road Initiative, the construction of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and the Pearl River Delta World Class airport group, realizing a new round of opening-up internationally.
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